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Bad Dog? Think Twice Before Yelling At Your Dog

Bad Dog? Think Twice Before Yelling At Your Dog


bad dog think twice before yelling
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few things are more adorable or destructive than a new puppy when they
pee on rugs chew furniture and get aggressive with other pups their
stressed-out owners usually turn to dog training now a novel study suggests
programs that use even relatively mild punishments like yelling and leash
jerking can stress dogs out making them more pessimistic than dogs that
experience reward-based training punishment training may seem to work in
the short run but these methods can have future negative consequences says Marc
Bekoff an evolutionary biologist at the University of Colorado in Boulder who
was not involved in the new study these dogs are living in perpetual stress
previous studies have suggested that although both reward based and
punishment based training methods are effective punishment based training can
have negative effects but those studies tend to focus on police and laboratory
dogs instead of family pets and most used shock collars which have been
banned in several countries as punishment to find out how companion
dogs react to more routine punishments scientists led by on Ekaterina Vieira de
Castro at the University of Porto in Portugal recruited 42 dogs from
reward-based training schools which use food or plate to encourage good
behaviors the team also enlisted fifty dogs from aversive based programs which
use negative reinforcement like yelling and leash jerking to train dogs or even
pressuring their rumps to get them to sit the researchers videotaped the dogs
during training and tested their saliva before and after for the stress hormone
cortisol dogs in the negative reinforcement programs showed more
stress related behaviors during training such as lip licking and yawning and they
had higher levels of cortisol in their saliva than when at home the team
reports on the preprint server Bioworks of dogs in the reward based training
group showed no changes in cortisol levels during training or at home to
find out whether these effects lingered the researchers measured how 79 of the
dogs responded to a potential food reward first they trained the dogs to
associate one side of a room with a delicious sausage if a dog found a bowl
in that part of the room it would contain sausage
but bulls on the other side of the room would be empty then the researchers
placed an empty bowl at various positions between the two extremes and
measured how quickly the dogs approached it an optimistic dog would run excitedly
to a bowl in the middle whereas a pessimistic dog would move more slowly
than humans an equivalent might be a glass half-empty versus glass half-full
men suit such pessimistic men suits have been associated with separation anxiety
and other problem behaviors in dogs in the test the more punishment a dog had
received the more pessimistic it was and the more pronounced the results this was
a careful study Bekoff says and although the paper does not address which method
is more effective at training dogs Bekoff says this and other findings
provide more than enough evidence that dog owners should avoid aversive based
training that’s often easier said than done because many dog training schools
don’t advertise their methods and such training is not regulated at least in
the United States says Daisy Todd a dog trainer and animal psychology blogger
she adds that dog owners should look explicitly for keywords like reward
based and avoid schools that use language like balance training or
dominance methods Bekoff agrees and says owners should take the time to talk to
the trainer and to other owners who have worked with them reward-based training
may take time but so what at least the dog isn’t living in fear of constant
stress you

Comments (1)

  1. Reward is better than punishment for training. That is the point. I agree. Unlucky dogs that have been chosen for negative training lessons.

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